Between 1405 and 1433, the Ming dynasty sponsored China a series of seven naval expeditions under the direction of Admiral Zheng He. Zheng He visited many Indian kingdoms and ports, including India, Bengal and Ceylon, the Persian Gulf, Arabia, and expeditions to Malindi, in present-day Kenya. During his travels, Zheng generously distributed Chinese gifts of silk, porcelain and other goods. In exchange, he received rich and unusual gifts, including African zebras and giraffes. Zheng Il and his company paid tribute to local deities and customs, and in Ceylon they erected a monument (Bile Trilingual Inscription) in honor of Buddha, Allah and Vishnu. Bengal sent twelve diplomatic representations to Nanjing between 1405 and 1439.  Relations between China and India today have been marked by border conflicts that have led to three military conflicts: the Sino-Indian War of 1962, the Chola incident in 1967 and the Sino-Indian skirmish of 1987.  In early 2017, the two countries clashed on the Doklam Plateau, along the controversial Sino-Brazilian border.  However, since the late 1980s, the two countries have succeeded in re-establishing diplomatic and economic relations. In 2008, China became India`s largest trading partner and the two countries also developed their strategic and military relations.    The use of firearms in the LAC is strictly regulated by the 1993, 1996 and 2005 agreements. In addition, the 1993 and 1996 agreements require that both parties strictly respect the LAC pending a definitive solution to the border issue.
As part of these agreements, India and China are committed to clarifying and confirming the LAC in order to reach a common understanding of alignment. However, little progress has been made since 2003. So far, the two parties have exchanged only cards in the central sector, which, due to “differences in perception,” has led to overlapping requirements in several places. (2) The Chinese government agrees that the Indian government can set up commercial agencies in Yatung, Gyantse and Gartok. Commercial agencies on both parties are granted the same status and treatment. Commercial agents of both parties enjoy the freedom to stop their duties in the course of their duties and enjoy freedom of research for themselves, their wives and children who depend on them for a living. Commercial agencies of both parties enjoy the privileges and immunities of couriers, briefcases and communications in the code. Article II The High Contracting Parties agree that traders from both countries, who are known to be usually and specifically active in trade between the Tibet region in China and India, may trade in the following locations.