Multinationals investing in Canada benefit in a variety of ways from Canada`s free trade agreements, including: as stated in the agreement, the main objectives of the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement were: the agreement between the two countries eventually created heavily liberalized trade between them and eliminated most of the remaining tariffs, although tariffs were only a small part of the free trade agreement. Average tariffs on goods crossing the border were well below 1% in the 1980s. Instead, Canada wanted unfettered access to the U.S. economy. The Americans, on the other hand, wanted access to Canada`s energy and cultural industry. The phenomenon of “cross-border shopping,” where Canadians would take day trips to U.S. border towns for duty-free goods and a high Canadian dollar, has caused a mini boom for these cities. The loss of many Canadian jobs, particularly in Ontario`s manufacturing sector during the recession of the early 1990s, was attributed (fairly or not) to the free trade agreement. Often, analyses of the Free Trade Agreement find that its impact on both countries depends on the difference in value between the Canadian dollar and the U.S. dollar.
In 1990-1991, the Canadian dollar appreciated sharply against the U.S. dollar, making Canadian industrial products much more expensive for Americans and making American industrial products much cheaper for Canadians who no longer had to pay high tariffs. The Canadian Free Trade Agreement (CFTA) is an intergovernmental trade agreement signed by Canadian ministers and entered into force on July 1, 2017. The North American Free Trade Agreement between Canada, the United States and Mexico entered into force on January 1, 1994 and created the world`s largest free trade region by GDP. In 2014, the combined GDP for NAFTA was estimated at more than $20 trillion, with a market of 474 million people.   Building on this success, Canada continues to negotiate and conclude free trade agreements with more than 40 countries, most recently with South Korea, which is Canada`s first free trade agreement with a partner in the Asia-Pacific region. Beginning in 2018, Canada also concluded two other important multilateral trade agreements: the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) with the European Union and the Eleven-Nation Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP) with ten other Pacific countries.  On September 21, 2017, CETA was provisionally applied, which immediately eliminated 98% of the Union`s tariffs on Canadian products.  Canada is currently the only G7 country to have free trade agreements in place with all other G7 countries. .